The first civilisations: Mesopotamia and Egypt
Some 6000 years ago in the Middle East, some Neolithic villages became cities as a result of agricultural and commercial prosperity. This led to the first urban civilisations. These civilisations were the first to invent writing. Much of what we know about the first civilisations comes from written documents from this period. The next video sums up the process through the first humans set up the new conditions to create the first civilisations.
The first urban civilisations appeared in the 4th millenium BC in Mesopotamia, in the fertile plains between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Some important historical concepts such as the rising of governments, money, monarchs, writing and monumental temples were provided by Mesopotamian civilisation. In this wonderful slide, made by María Jesús Campos Fernández, you can find a lot of information about this interesting period of our past.
Egypt is basically a large desert with the Nile River running through it from north to south. The Nile provided the main means of transport and the main economic activities. Egypt was the scenary where pharaohs appeared, where pyramids and monumental temples were built. Egyptian civilisation is one of the most delighting civilisation that have ever appeared and it still fascinates to historians and archeologists.
I would like to share with you the following resource, which is very useful to discover and understand the features of Egyptian civilisation and it’s really practical to guide your daily work in the classroom.
Furthermore, the following video show us information about the building pyramids process, one of the most fascinating events from Egyptian History.
In addition to this, you can learn a lot about Ancient Egypt surfing the next digibook.