The Roman Empire
Rome was a ctity on the Italian Peninsula. In the 6th century BC, the people expelled their kings and the city became a republic. In the next centuries, Rome conquered territory all over the Mediterranean and became an empire.
The Romans built cities, bridges and roads, and spread their language and culture throughout the Empire. The Romans were a more practical people than Greeks. They influenced our society today through their engineering and urban works, some of their laws and their Latin language. In the following set of sheets, you can learn a lot about Roman civilisation.
At the end of the 3rd century BC, the Romans began to conquer the Peninsula. They first arrived in Emporion. After two centuries they occupied the entire territory. Roman domination lasted for more than 600 years. During this period, Hispania was just another Roman province.
In the 3rd century AD, the Empire experienced a crisis and was divided into two territories: the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman Empire. Barbarian tribes invaded the Western Empire and it disappeared. The Eastern Empire survived for another century as the Byzantine Empire. At the beggining of the 6th century AD, the visigoths invaded and took control of Hispania.