At the end of the 8th century, Charlemagne, the king of the Franks, unified large part of western Europe and proclaimed himself emperor. However, on his death, the Empire was divided into separate kingdoms. Between the 9th and 10th centuries, Normans (Vikings), Muslims and Hungarians attacked and invaded western Europe. This is the historical context in which Feudalism was born.
In the Middle Ages a new political, economic and social system appeared in western Europe: feudalism. The monarch gave land (fiefdoms) to nobles and clergy to govern in his name. In return, the became the king’s vassals. They had to swear loyalty to the king and help him in his military campaigns. The population was mostly made up of peasants. Many of these became the noble’s serfs in exchange for his protection.
The society was very unequal. It was divided into different social groups. People were born into a particular social group and belonged to that group for life. Consult the following set of sheets to get more information on the Feudal Europe.
Romanesque Art developed in Europe between the 11th and 13th centuries. Most Romanesque works of art are religious. This shows the huge importance of religion in Medieval feudal society.
Now you have interesting resources to dive in this amazing period of knights, wars, serfs and faith.