In the 12th and 13th centuries, a period of economic growth led to the rebirth of cities. Cities became important centres of artisan activity and trade. Palaces, cathedrals and markets were built in the cities, which were protected by walls. A new social class appeared called the bourgeoisie. It was made up of traders, artisans and bankers.
The following links could provide information about different important issues related with medieval cities. It’s a set of concept maps made by my students about the birth of universities and the appearance of banks, stock markets, parliaments and local governments in the Lower Middle Ages.
Beginning in the 13th century, taller, lighter buildings became popular. This led to a new artistic style of art called Gothic Art, focused on cathedrals. Gothc sculpture and painting were used to decorate churches and cathedrals.
At the beginning of the 14th century, social tensions increased due to food shortages, rising prices and a general decline in the quality of life. On BBC Bitesize web it´s possible to find interesting information about peasants revolts in 1381 in the South East of England.